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优化班级学习环境策略研讨

【中文摘要】环境在人的发铺入程中具有主要的位置和作用,杜威在《***主义与教育》中指出:“环境对人的行为有着强烈的‘暗示’作用,可引导行为的内涵和方向。”人在什么样的环境中学习,在一定水平上决议着获得什么样的学习结果,于是学习环境的研讨逐步兴起。与学生学习发生相互作用最为频繁的是学校中的班级学习环境。班级学习环境是指在班级中与学生这一主体学习有关的一切因素和前提的总和。班级学习环境包括三个方面,一是班级物资环境,包括班级举措措施、班级范围、教室布置、座位部署等。二是班级精神环境,包括教师角色、人际关系、班级氛围等诸要素。三是班级轨制环境,包括班级管理规范、行为准则、卫生纪律等。这些影响班级学生学习的前提一般是动态和无形的,学生随时受其影响。但是以去我们只重视教师的作用影响,而疏忽了其他方面的刺激对学生学习和发铺的影响。那么,学生须要什么样的班级学习环境?现在班级学习环境存在哪些题目?我们如何通过优化使班级学习环境中各种因素最大限度的知足学生的学习和发铺需求呢?本文从班主任工作角度动身,对海内外关于学习环境研讨的历史和现状入行了梳理,入而界定班级学习环境的概念,剖析其构成要素、功能和特色。采取调查问卷法、访谈法、文献剖析法铺开班级学习环境现状调查,查找题目,剖析原因。结合教授教养实际,从班级物资环境、精神环境、轨制环境入手,对优化班级学习环境提出一些对策和建议,以期丰盛学习环境研讨的内涵,也为班级管理工作的重新定位和班主任工作的重新定性提供一些理论和实践上的参考。第一部门对班级学习环境的基本要义入行了阐述,为入一步研讨作了理论上的铺垫。第二部门对研讨方式入行了说明,对班级学习环境的现状铺开调查和统计。通过对调查问卷的剖析,明白师生对当前班级学习环境的望法以及存在题目表示,综合剖析其原因。第三部门是总结本研讨,对班级学习环境提出了优化策略和建议:1.制订班级学习环境建设的目的;2.班级物态空间设置要温馨适用;3.制订***的学习环境管理轨制;4.培育良好的班风;5.树立***的班级师生关系;6.增强班级非正式组织的管理;7.充足施铺科任教师的作用;8.提高班主任管理素养与水平。');
【Abstract】 Environment for the development of people at an important position and role at Dewey, "Democracy and Education" pointed out: "The environment on the behavior of people have a strong \'hint\' role to guide the content and direction of behavior." People at What kind of study environment, to a certain extent decide on what kind of access to the study results, and study the gradual rise of the research environment.Students interact with the study are the most frequent in the School Class learning environment. Class refers to the learning environment in classes with students at the main study all the relevant factors and conditions combined. Class consists of three aspects of the learning environment, physical environment First Class, including Class facilities, class size, classroom layout, seating arrangements. Class Two is the spirit of the environment, including the teacher\'s role, interpersonal relationships, factors such as class atmosphere. Institutional environment are three classes, including class management norms, codes of conduct, discipline, such as hygiene. Class students study these effects in general the conditions are dynamic and intangible, at any time affected students. However, the past, we only value the role of teachers affected by the neglect of other aspects of students to stimulate learning and development. In that case, students need to study what kind of class environment? Class learning environment now, what are the problems? How to Optimize our Class learning environment so that a variety of factors in the satisfaction of students to maximize learning and development needs?This article from the point of view of class work, the study of environmental studies at home and abroad about the history and current status of the card, and then define the concept of class learning environment, analysis of its constituent elements, functions and characteristics. Investigate the use of questionnaires, interviews, document analysis carried out to investigate the state of the environment Study Class, search problems, to analyze the reasons. Combination of teaching practice, the physical environment from the Class, the spirit of the environment, institutional environment to start, the Class Optimize the learning environment to make some countermeasures and suggestions in order to enrich the connotation of studying environmental studies, as well as the management of Class Re-positioning and re-characterization of the class teacher to provide job on a number of theoretical and practical reference.The first part of the learning environment of the basic Class want justice elaborated, in order to further study the theoretical groundwork made.The second part of the research methods are described, the Class study to investigate the state of the environment and statistics. Through analysis of the questionnaire clearly Class teachers and students on the current view of the learning environment, as well as performance problems, a comprehensive analysis of its causes.Part III of this study are summarized on the proposed Class learning environment to optimize the strategies and recommendations: 1. Class formulate the goal of building the learning environment; 2. Class of state space to a warm and practical; 3. Learn to build a democratic mechanism for environmental management; 4. cultivate a good style of study of wind and classes; 5. the establishment of a harmonious relationship between teachers and students of the Class; 6. Class of informal organizations to strengthen management; 7. Any class give full play to the role of teachers; 8. improve teacher quality and level of management.

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